The abdominal aorta maintains 3 distinct tissue layers, an intima, media, and adventitia.A normal aorta shows a reduction in medial elastin layers from the thoracic area to the abdominal portion.
Abdominal migraine is one of the variants of migraine headache. It is also known by other terms including "periodic syndrome."
Abdominal Bloating or Swelling. Minor bloating of the abdomen for 1–2 weeks may be due to your diet or eating habits, or the menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of Inguinal hernia including medical symptoms and signs of Inguinal hernia, symptoms, incubation period, duration, and correct diagnosis for
abdominal aorta Medical News Summary (summary of medical news story as reported by Newsday): Nearly half of people who suffer from a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm end up dying. Now a new less invasive endovascular technique is being trialed for people suffering the condition. In one report, 44 patients with ruptured aneurysms were treated using the new technique and 85% survived compared to about 50% in those who have major open surgery. Each year, 50,000 people in the US have elective surgery to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm and there are about 50,000 other sufferers who are undiagnosed. Undiagnosed cases face the risk of sudden bleeding which can be exacerbated when invasive abdominal surgery begins. The new technique involves threading a tiny tube through blood vessels where it can then seal off the site of the aneurism which will stop the bleeding. People at risk of abdominal aneurysms are older men, those who smoke, have high blood pressure or a family history of the condition. Diagnosis is through x-rays and sonograms.
abdominal migraine The prevalence and clinical features of migraine headache and abdominal migraine were studied in the well defined population of Aberdeen schoolchildren. Ten per cent of all children (2165) aged 5-15 years were given a questionnaire inquiring, among other symptoms, about the history of headache and abdominal pain over the past year. A total of 1754 children (81%) responded. Children with at least two episodes of severe headache and/or sever abdominal pain, attributed by the parents either to unknown causes or to migraine, were invited to attend for clinical interview and examination. After interview, 159 children fulfilled the International Headache Society's criteria for the diagnosis of migraine and 58 children had abdominal migraine giving estimated prevalence rates of 10.6% and 4.1% respectively. Children with abdominal migraine had demographic and social characteristics similar to those of children with migraine. They also had similar patterns of associated recurrent painful conditions, trigger and relieving factors, and associated symptoms during attacks. The similarities between the two conditions are so close as to suggest that they have a common athogenesis.
abdominal bloating Discussing bloating, it is important to distinguish between bloating and distention. Bloating is the subjective sensation (feeling) that the abdomen is larger than normal. Thus, bloating is a symptom akin to the symptom of discomfort. In contrast, distention is the objective determination (physical finding) that the abdomen is actually larger than normal. Distention can be determined by such observations as the inability to fit into clothes or looking down at the stomach and noting that it is clearly larger than normal. In some instances, bloating may represent a mild form of distention since the abdomen does not become physically (visibly or measurably) enlarged until its volume increases by one quart. Nevertheless, bloating should never be assumed to be the same as distention.
abdominal hernia symptom There are three ways in which abdominal distention can arise. The causes are an increase in air, fluid, or tissue within the abdomen. The diseases or conditions that cause an increase of any of these three factors are very different from one anther. Therefore, it is important to determine which of them is distending the abdomen. There are two types of distention; continuous and intermittent. Continuous distention may be caused by the enlargement of an intra-abdominal (within the abdomen) organ, an intra-abdominal tumor, a collection of fluid around the intra-abdominal organs (ascites), or just plain obesity. Intermittent distention is usually due to the occasional accumulation of gas and/or fluid within the stomach, small intestine, or colon. There has been increasing interest within the European sports medicine community regarding the etiology and treatment of groin pain in the athlete. Groin pain is most commonly caused by musculotendinous strains of the adductors and other muscles crossing the hip joint, but may also be related to abdominal wall abnormalities. Cases may be termed "pubalgia" if physical examination does not reveal inguinal hernia and there is an absence of other etiology for groin pain. We present nine cases of patients who underwent herniorrhaphies for groin pain. Two patients had groin pain without evidence of a hernia preoperatively (pubalgia). In the remaining seven patients we determined the presence of a hernia by physical examination. At operation, eight patients were found to have inguinal hernias. One patient had no hernia but had partial avulsion of the internal oblique fibers from their insertion at the public tubercle. The average interval from operation to return to full activity was 11 weeks. All patients returned to full activity within 3 months of surgery. One patient had persistent symptoms of mild incisional tenderness, but otherwise there were no recurrences, complications, or persistence of symptoms. Abnormalities of the abdominal wall, including inguinal hernias and microscopic tears or avulsions of the internal oblique muscle, can be an overlooked source of groin pain in the athlete. Operative treatment of this condition with herniorrhaphy can return the athlete to his sport within 3 months.
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